Samsø Municipality has a long history in engaging and activating local entrepreneurs in energy and climate aspects. By local entrepreneurship and community action SAK has obtained to implement solutions within renewable energy to an extent that it today is not only self-sufficient with renewable energy, it is delivering a surplus (cf. Table 2). For that reason, Samsø Municipality is famous as the “Energy Island” and attracts corporate tourists from all over the world.
The local Samsø spirit also affects how planning is carried out in other aspects than energy. In regard to Climate Change Adaption, Samsø Municipality wants to implement SUDS solutions with added value for biodiversity and of recreational use for the citizens. Often several meetings are held with interest groups, where the first meeting is held locally and the following meetings are held at the Island’s Energy Academy or at the City Hall.
In relation with Samsø Waste Water utility is to establish two retention ponds, Samsø Municipality and Samsø Waste Water Utility are in dialogue on alternative locations of the two ponds around Tranebjerg to accommodate both heavy rains and storm surges.
The East coast of Samsø lies at very low elevation, which results in flooding inland in situations of coupled events, whereas it is important to retain rain and surface water in SUDS.
Furthermore, establishment of new sewers at Tranebjerg, Langemark, Torup and Besser an opportunity arises to change the stream Sørenden from a drainage channel into a real watercourse. Sørenden have originally gone to Stavns Fjord, but to protect Stavns Fjord against pollution by nutrients and sewage, Sørenden’s water has been pumped to Kattegat via sea pipes since 1976.
The recovery of Sørenden also means that the restoration of Besser Made as a wet meadow area is possible. Such wetland will promote biodiversity with species such as geese, whooper swans and lapwings, which is linked to fresh meadow and marsh areas. If Besser Made subsequently nurtured by grazing, hay or other follow-up care, nutrient discharge to the sea will be reduced. In addition, there will be created even an attractive natural area on the island.
Protection of breeding birds and wildlife will have top priority, but in some places it is possible to meet the recreational needs of the construction of trails and shelters. The restoration of Besser Made is an important part of Samsø Municipality’s efforts in relation to the Natura 2000 area Stavns Fjord.
The action will include the following activities:
Phase 1: Year 2017-18
- Analyses of alternative locations for the two retention ponds together with Samsø Waste Water Utility: incl. GIS, site analysis and hydraulic modelling using different climate scenarios.
- Stakeholder and citizen involvement on the design of SUDS to create added value. Development of new methodologies for citizen involvement that are more network based. The stakeholder involvement will as a minimum include: Ballen Town and Harbour Forum, The Citizen Association, and The Boat Association.
- Based on bullet 2 and 3, a conceptual design of the SUDS is developed and tender material is prepared.
Phase 2 and beyond:
- Analyses of Tranebjerg, Samsø Golf Course, Besser Made and Ballen: incl. GIS, site analysis and hydraulic modelling using different climate scenarios. Moreover, additional sites are investigated to further retain water upstream.
- Stakeholder and citizen involvement on the design of SUDS, recovery of Sørenden, restoration of Besser Made and recreational value. The stakeholder involvement will at least include: Samsø Golf Course, land owners and the Besser Made Association.
- Based on activity 4 and 5, conceptual designs will be developed.
Where: Samsø Island
Figure 43: Map of Samsø Island
When: January 2017 – December 2018
Phase 2 and beyond